Historical Houses

Safranbolu Houses, hundreds of years in a process that continues to live in the Turkish city of culture today is the most important building blocks. In the district of the city there are 2000 traditional Turkish houses which built in 18.19 an early 20th century. 800 of these works are under legal protection. Grouped in two separate parts of the houses in Safranbolu is. The first is "The City" known and used as part of winter, the second is "Bağlar" known and used as part of summer.


Tarihi Safranbolu Evi



City, administrative center, the castle, shopping center, the bazaar, where houses Akçasu, Silver, Musallam, the district consists of Kalealtı and Tannery. Protected against the adverse effects of climate on this part, is in two valleys with low altitude. Where the houses close together and streets are narrow. In a few hundred meters higher than bonds, and open to the air flow over a wider terrain. Almost everyone has a winter and a summer house. The local people live in the house in the city in winter and hot summer weather in the summer house nomads Vineyard. But the "bazaar" type of production and trade life does the same period.


Tarihi Safranbolu Evi


According to them all the more centrally located houses, public buildings, religious buildings and monuments are looking for work. Judging from the scene should look at what the house will be closed. The front of the house close-blind and open fronts away from plans to follow each other is situated.


Tarihi Safranbolu Evi


For the square in the middle of the city roads and streets are full with cobblestone. Monumental work on the cobblestone courtyards and squares are. Style of the existing pavement to minimize moisture, resistant to flood water and tree roots get enough water to the appropriate structure.

Safranbolu house, which determines the size and shape is made between three main elements: Multi-family structure with a population of large, wet climate, cultural and material wealth. The husband and wife in a family typically has two or three children. Marry her son will not open a separate house, the bride is brought home. Uncle, aunt, it still is involved in family and grandchildren live in a house together. In order to help women in the house work at home most of the girls are adopted. As her adopted daughter home to see.


Tarihi Safranbolu Evi


Harem-family structure at home, greeting the crowd distinction is well. Family-owned animals in the stables at ground floor of the house will be hosted. Closed due to wet climate is even more need for space. Human and animal food, firewood and all are deposited in the appropriate section of the house. That as a result of all these is the large volume of Safranbolu houses.

Nature-man-house, street-house, street-market relations is extremely regular and stable. As well as respect for the environment is dominated by a neighbor. Does not prevent the appearance of any of the other houses. In the construction of the houses of stone, brick and tiled wood is used. Gardens are divided by stone walls from the street.


Tarihi Safranbolu Evi


Religion and traditions close the house to the outside, so inside the house and gardens are divided by high walls, the windows are caged, women don`t  appears to foreign men. Sometimes even within the same house, men and women live separately. As a greeting and harem in Safranbolu houses are so divided. House of the Haci Memis Vineyard house and Governor Houses are sample for this life style. Greeting at the entrance of the harem at different times were obtained from two different streets. A troubled family life with easy access from the room is used as a greeting. Greeting room is a bit more careful.

On the ground floor at the entrance of the house, "life" is. If this section is covered with stones, "Rocky" takes its name. The wood frame provides light to get here, "glist" is available. Also on the ground floor barns, mines and warehouses are big winners.

The above examples demonstrate mastery of the upper floors of wooden stairs to get out. The second floor is low compared to other floors. Needed in these times that can be used as bedrooms has a kitchen. In everyday life, through the middle floor. Floor heating for cold winter days, this is easier.


Tarihi Safranbolu Evi


There is the point of perfection in the third floor of the house. This floor ceilings are higher. Consisting of eight-sided polygon in the room "hall" of less than four are entered diagonally from the edge of the door. Measured in corners of rooms, doorways and rooms direct contact with the cut has a special timber fender system. Each of the rooms near the nucleus of the host family or a family can have all the elements, is designed as an independent unit. In this direction, wooden cupboards in each room (closet) in the shower that resembles today's gusülhane available.

Safranbolu houses out of the house will save it when the uniform exterior appearance. The windows of the house was designed very special way is narrow and long. Wooden casement windows also "muşabak" There are so-called cages.


Tarihi Safranbolu Evi


Heating furnace is provided with houses. Taken from the quarry to be moved to barbecue embers. Used for insulation between layers, although sometimes in wooden houses in the conservation of heat is difficult. Therefore, the principle of the heating human, not space. Stoves are used in the final period.


Tarihi Safranbolu Evi


Lighting tool is kerosene lamp . Lately "luxury light" he is defined, the larger and more light emitting lamps are used.


Tarihi Safranbolu Evi


Some of the houses, there are pools for the coolness of the interior and in order to provide fire protection.

 


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